Assume that your last will and testament is up-to-date. Does that mean that your overall estate plan is also in good shape? Not necessarily. There are a number of assets that are typically administered and distributed outside your will; i.e., your will does not control certain assets at the time of death (unless you name your estate as the beneficiary). Examples of these include retirement accounts – such as an IRA, SEP, 401(k), 403(b), and a Keogh plan – and your life insurance policies. These assets are controlled by their respective contracts, trusts, or custodial accounts. Make sure that your beneficiary designations are up-to-date on all these accounts so that the assets will be distributed to the beneficiaries of your choice at the time of death.
At the same time, even though these assets are administered and distributed outside your will, they typically will be taxed as part of your gross estate for federal estate tax purposes (if you have a taxable estate). With retirement accounts, you may also be subjecting your assets to income taxes of an additional 30 percent or more.
That’s why we want to ask the question: Are you distributing your IRA to the IRS, instead of your intended beneficiaries?
Ideas for Retirement Accounts
With retirement plan assets subject to federal estate and income taxes, approximately 70% of these assets can go to the IRS instead of your intended beneficiaries at the time of death. Of course, retirement plans still serve very valid purposes – such as income tax deferral during your lifetime. The tax problem principally arises at the time of death. Is there a better way? Yes. IRAs and other retirement plan assets make the perfect charitable gift at the time of death.
Planning Idea #1. Consider leaving us a charitable gift of all or a portion of your retirement assets – with your other “lower-taxed” assets passing to your children, grandchildren, and other intended beneficiaries. Any amounts transferred to us at the time of death will avoid federal estate and income taxes.
Planning Idea #2. Another good option – to provide for a surviving family member and benefit us at a later date – would be to ask your attorney about using the assets from your IRA or other retirement account to fund a “testamentary charitable remainder trust.” Such a trust could provide a lifetime of income for your surviving spouse, children, or others, and then benefit us. This could help you save tax dollars while you provide a solid stream of income and possible tax benefits to your heirs.
Important Tax Planning Note: Under current law, it generally does not make sense to contribute retirement plan assets to charitable institutions and organizations during your lifetime – because of the ordinary income taxes you would incur. Lifetime transfers from a retirement plan to a charity cannot be made on a tax-free basis. Every distribution from a retirement plan is generally taxable as ordinary income. (As discussed above, it does, however, make excellent sense to consider gifting these assets to charity at the time of death.) Please know that Congress has been considering changes to these tax laws that could make future lifetime charitable gifts of retirement plan assets much more favorable.
How to Make a Gift of Your Retirement Plan
While the rules governing retirement plans are complex, it’s easy to name us as a beneficiary at the time of death. Just check with your plan to see which form you’ll need. We recommend first consulting with your attorney, accountant, or other professional advisor.
For Additional Information
Estate planning through retirement accounts and life insurance policies can be complex – yet very rewarding. You can save significant tax dollars while leaving a lasting legacy. This website provides only a brief introduction. We would be pleased to provide you, your attorney, your accountant, your financial planner, or other advisor with additional information and be of assistance in any way possible. Thank you for your interest and support.
Copyright 2000-2013 by Calder P. Sinclair. All rights reserved. This information is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is provided with the understanding that neither the author nor the publisher is engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought.